The Development of Formula One Car Racing

57Formula One, also known as F1 racing began as early as the 1920s. The unique racing car sport originated in Europe and was initially called Grand Prix Motor racing. The sport underwent many changes in its rules and the essential “formula” after World War II. Grand Prix Motor racing was given a new formula – known today as Formula One around the mid-twentieth century, which gave precedence to the later established, Word Championship racing rules and the first Word Champion race in 1950. The introduction of team sponsorship and some technological upgrades to the race cars themselves over the years turned Formula One racing into a billion dollar industry.

There is a lot to be learned about a Formula One racing season today, as it has evolved into a dynamic series of racing events. Each Formula One racing season is comprised of a series of races that are also known as as the Grands Prix, which in English, means Grand Prizes. The Grands Prix is held on a combination of purpose-built circuits and public roads. The results of each of these smaller races within the Grands Prix are used to determine two annual World Championships: one for drivers and one for constructors.

Before they are eligible to race or participate in the Grands Prix – all drivers, constructor teams, organizers, track officials, and circuits are required to hold a valid Super License, which is the highest class of racing license issued by the Fdration Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA). The FIA is a non-profit sports federation that since 1904 has essentially been the governing body or organization representing the interests of motoring organizations, auto racing events, and motor car users.

It makes sense that the FIA would require Formula One race participants to hold the highest class of racing license available, mostly because the Formula one cars themselves are held to the highest racing standards in the industry of car racing. As a result, Formula One cars are considered to be the fastest circuit-racing cars in the world.

Formula One cars can go as fast as 360 km/h (220 mph) and reach a lateral acceleration in excess of 5 g in corners. The performance of Formula One cars is said to rely heavily on aerodynamics, suspension and tires. Aerodynamics has become such a key component for Formula one race cars, that tens of millions of dollars of research is put into new technologies by the teams each year in this sector. Aerodynamics are considered in every single aspects of the Formula One car – from the shape of the suspension links right down to the driver’s helmet. Researchers are constantly worrying about two things when it comes to aerodynamics: down force and drag. The creation of down force pushes the car’s tires onto the track improving the car’s cornering force ability. Reducing drag helps increase car speed caused by turbulence.

For a Formula One car – suspension is a key component when it comes to performance. The suspension of a modern Formula One car is the critical interface between the various elements that work together to produce its performance. The suspension also harnesses the power of the engine and the downforce (created by the wings and aerodynamic pack and the grip of the tyres) allowing the perfect combination for fast on track driving.

Aerodynamics and hooked up suspension are key components for success in Formula One racing, however without the right tires, there is no hope for a win. The racing tire is made of very soft rubber, which offer the best possible grip against the texture of the racetrack. These tires tend to wear very quickly while in use however.

Since the most recent regulation change in 2009, two different tire compounds are available to each team at every Grand Prix weekend, and every driver must make use of both specifications during the race. The actual softness of the tire rubber is varied by changes in the proportions of ingredients added to the rubber, of which the three main ones are carbon, sulphur and oil. Essentially, the more oil in a tire, the softer it will be. Formula One tires are normally filled with a special, nitrogen-rich air mixture.

A typical Grand Prix racing event normally lasts one week. Teams are allowed three practice sessions before the official race. There is a qualifying session that is held to determine the order for the actual race. The qualifying period is referred to as the “knock-out”. During the knock-out sessoin, drivers pursue three rounds, racing for a fast enough time to move on to the next round. Participants are knocked out until there are 10 participants remaining. The third and final round is then completed in order to establish each participant’s pole position.

During the official race, participants form along the starting grid in the order they qualified. To start off, a warm-up lap is taken so that each driver can establish the conditions of the race track. The winner of the race is the first to cross the finish line, having completed a set number of laps.

After the race, participants are awarded are certain number of points. As of 2010, the top 10 cars are awarded either 25, 18, 15, 12, 10, 8, 6, 4, 2, or 1 points, with the winner receiving 25 points and 10th place receiving 1 point. The total number of points won at each race are totaled, and the driver and constructor with the most points at the end of the season are World Champions.

Formula One racing has come a long way since it’s inception in the early twentieth century. The development and growth of the sport itself into a multi-billion dollar venture as well as the number of Grands Prix being held today are a testament to the increasing popularity of the sport.

Advantages And Importance Of Alloy Wheels

52Alloy Wheels are definitely “in” these days. Those bling-bling wheels you see on most vehicles today are all alloy wheels and they are gaining more fans and popularity everyday.

So what exactly are alloy wheels and how are they different from normal wheels?

Are alloy wheels better than normal wheels?

These are the types of questions I intend to answer in this article.

Alloy Wheels perform the same function in automobiles as the normal steel ones but there are certain added features in alloy wheels that make them different and arguably better.

Compared to wheels made of steel, alloy wheels are composed of aluminum or magnesium alloys making them stronger and durable, lighter in weight, better in performance and most importantly, stylish. These wheels are manufactured either by the process of casting or by forging of metal alloys.

Forged alloy wheels are lighter and much more durable than cast alloy wheels but they are a little hard on the pocket. Forged alloy wheels are usually the preferred choice for high-performance sports cars but that does not mean you can’t fit them on any other car. Comparatively, cast aluminum alloys are heavier but they are cheaper and yet have almost the same styling as that of forged alloys.

There is however another type of stylish alloy wheels called Mag-Wheels. Magnesium alloy wheels or mag-wheels are whole magnesium cast or forged wheels used in racing cars as they are the lightest alloy wheels available. Mag-wheels are high on performance as well as on styling.

Unmatched style is probably the main reason why most people now prefer alloy wheels for their vehicle. There is no doubt that alloy wheels make the vehicle look posh and increase its cosmetic appeal but there are two other definite advantages of fitting your car with alloy wheels instead of the normal steel wheels:

  • Alloy wheels are lighter, that means your vehicle has less unsprung mass. This means your vehicle handles better and there is improved road grip on most terrains. A lighter vehicle will obviously perform better on the mileage count as well.
  • Alloy wheels are also good in terms of balancing. Your vehicle balances well reducing stress on other parts of your car like the suspension and the axles.

Besides that, did we discuss the style that alloy wheels add to your vehicle?

You no longer require those fuzzy hub-caps and you can definitely avoid displaying those ugly looking steel rims. No matter how elegant your car looks, if the wheels are not up to the mark, it may be a case of “bride without the ornaments”. And indeed, wheels are ornaments, the ones to be proudly displayed. Alloy wheels maintain their luster for years (if maintained properly) and shine with that metal-chrome finish, enough to make your neighbors burn with envy.

A fact worth considering is that used alloy wheels and rims are available in the market at one-third the price of brand new ones. You get the style and features of alloy wheels without spending much.

With all this information at hand, I am sure you are equipped to search for the best alloy wheels for your car and tread the roads in style.

What Differentiates Supercars from Mainstream Cars

51Bugatti veyron, McLaren MP4-12C, Ferrari FF and many other fast and expensive cars like these comes under the supercars category. But one can ask, what is a supercars and what differentiates them from the mainstream cars? So let’s see what differentiates these supercars from the mainstream cars.

Let’s start by understanding mainstream cars like Toyotas, Fords and many others. The first thing that these cars have is the fact that they are a convenient mode of transportation, and are developed to offer daily commutes an easy, comfortable and affordable mode of transportation. The primary function of these cars is to take people from point A to Point B safely and comfortably. Now if you look at the super cars like Bugatti veyron, McLaren MP4-12C, Ferrari FF etc then you’ll find that these cars are total contradictory of the mainstream cars. These supercars are fast, expensive and surely not easy to drive. As a matter of fact, if you buy a Bugatti veyron or McLaren MP4-12C or Ferrari FF you might actually will have learned driving once again. These supercars come loaded with modern equipments, and uses immensely high tech automotive engineering, which surely is not easy to understand. So, it’s pretty apparent that these cars are not the vehicles that one can or will like to use as their daily commuting vehicle.

The Supercars like Bugatti veyron, McLaren MP4-12C, Ferrari FF incorporates high tech racing car engineering, and if handled by experienced and skilled drivers, these cars immensely easy to maneuver, particularly when you take them on tight curves and on high speed. But again, the person driving these cars should be skilled enough to handle these fast machines successfully, or else it could end up in severe accidents.

Apart from comfort, ride and handling the other major thing that separates supercars from mainstream cars is the engine under their hood. The engines under the hood of supercars are much advanced and powerful examples of automotive engineering. These engines generates a lot more power than the engines of the mainstream cars or for that matter you can say more adrenaline rush than mainstream cars. These brawny engines are the secret behind the immense acceleration and top speeds of these fast machines. These engines sprints these heavy machines from 0 to 100 in a matter of few seconds, which surely is not the case with mainstream engines. Also keep in mind that the performance that these supercars are capable of delivering surely can not be enjoyed at common city roads, you have to take these beauties to race track to see what they are capable of doing.

So these are the major difference between the mainstream cars and supercars. Whichever are you driving drive safe and make sure that you enjoy your beautiful machine to maximum.

HKS GT II 7460R Turbo Upgrade For Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution IV-IX

56HKS introduces the GT II 7460R Turbo Upgrade for the Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution IV-IX

HKS USA, Inc., the premier manufacturer and supplier of premium automotive performance systems, launches the first of its proprietary design HKS GTII Series turbocharger kits, the GTII 7460R.

As the first of the new HKS turbocharger line, the GTII 7460R incorporates a reverse rotation turbine design that provides the benefit of a bolt-on application, stock replacement upgrade turbocharger for the Mitsubishi Evolution IV-IX.

The special cast turbine and compressor housings of the HKS GTII 7460R allows it to be a true bolt-on upgrade for the Mitsubishi Evolution IV-IX by utilizing the OEM exhaust manifold. The HKS GTII 7460R is also a twin scroll, reverse rotation turbocharger. This design allows for a shorter and straighter exhaust path to the turbine wheel, delivering the benefits of less restriction and increased boost response while allowing full spool and stable boost pressure throughout the RPM range.

Intake and exhaust port designs optimize the flow area to allow an increase in air-flow capacity while the ball bearing center housing rotating assembly (CHRA) improves low-speed response and quicker boost pressure ramp up times Use of premium materials include inconel® for the turbine wheel because of inconel’s resistance to oxidation and its ability to maintain its structural integrity in high temperature atmospheres. Special heat resistant cast material increases the reliability and durability of the turbine housing. The GTII 7460R produced 373.4 WHP and 355.62 ft. lbs Torque with the boost set at 1.78 Bar (25.8 PSI) on 93 octane. Tested on a 2006 Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution IX with the following parts:

• GTII 7460R Sport Turbo Kit
• R-Type Intercooler Kit (with EVO IX fitment kit)
• Step1 Mivec Camshaft Set
• Racing Muffler
• GT Extension Kit
• F-Con V-Pro
• Fuel Upgrade Kit (800cc Injectors & Fuel Pump)
• Racing Suction Reloaded Intake Kit
• EVC
• Super Fire Racing Spark Plugs

The HKS GT II 7460R Turbo upgrade is available now through authorized HKS dealers and is designated for Off Road Use Only.

HKS GTII 7460R Turbos give great results !

We’re receiving various excellent reports of great performance from engine tuners around Europe who are installing the new HKS GTII 7460R Turbo on EVOs. Here is such a report

As I promised earlier, here is the dyno graph from the EVO 8 with 2,2 Litre stroker and HKS GTII 7460, just ran it in our dyno 1 hour ago, 479bhp/614Nm …

Possible to get more power and torque as we are only running 1,7 bar boost in bottom/midrange and 1,5 bar at high rpm but we will settle for this as customer wanted about 450bhp/550Nm …

This turbo is amazing when it comes to spool, we just tried for the fun of it and we made over 2 bar boost at about 2500-2600 rpm on 5th gear … Best bolt-on turbo we have tried this far …

RC Car Battery Packs What’s The Difference between “LiPO & NiMH”

55LiPO battery is more powerful & lighter than NiMH that’s why this battery is used in model airplane and helicopters. LiPO batteries are taking place in the market nowadays because these batteries are providing more energy and power to your Elecronic RC model car.

LiPO batteries are currently used in laptops & cell phones. LiPO battery has created a world record in providing more power. The main reason of popularity of this battery is that its performance is so high and cost is affordable. Many Chinese companies are manufacturing this product so that these are easily available in the market at affordable price. As we all know that due to the increasing popularity of World Wide Web (internet) people prefer to do buy products by online stores. You can get the best product as well as good customer supports if purchase online.

Now the time is to know about NiMH battery, this battery is available with lowest price and also provide better performance. It is reliable and durable. NiMH battery is keeping alive the technology that is used 20 years ago. You can charge this battery with simple charger and this is also a big factor of being this battery very cheap.

NiMH battery is durable and it will provide the power to your car till zero volts that is not possible in LiPO battery. It is heavier than LiPO battery and eradicates lower voltage that is suitable for the club racing and beginners. A high quality NiMh battery can provide the power and performace like LiPO battery!